Tigers - representatives of the class of mammals, they are large predators of the feline family. Individual males are 3 m long and weigh over 300 kg.
The animal tiger is protected by the state and cannot be hunted.
They have five toes on the front pair of paws and four on the back. The toes have claws that retract if they are not engaged in any way. Paws of males reach a length of 17-20 cm and width of 14-15 cm. In females, as a rule, the indicators differ by 2-3 cm in a smaller direction.
Tigers are polygamous. Females become reproductively capable at the age of 3-4 years. Mating takes place during the winter, but fertilization is possible only a few days a year.
Tigresses breed every couple of years. Fertility lasts an average of 103 days. Females prefer to build a den in enclosed, hard-to-reach places and not leave it for several years in a row.
Newborn tiger cubs
Tiger cubs are born in spring. A calf brood usually consists of 2 to 4 animals. One or more than 4 cubs occur, but very rarely. The cubs are born fully formed, but cannot take care of themselves.
Grown-up tiger cubs.
Tigresses provide them with everything they need up to 18 months of age: they feed them with milk, then take them out of the den, and train them to hunt. Males do not participate in this process. Tiger cubs often stay with their mother up to 2-3 years or more. Then they leave the habitat. Females stay nearby, while males look for their own territory.
Tigers are widely distributed in diverse areas of our planet: humid tropical forests, steppes, semi-deserts and rocky plains. Tigers tolerate different climatic conditions well: from heat to severe cold.
Caves and enclosed areas near water reservoirs are the most favorite places for tigers to live; near them they hunt and raise mischievous and naughty tiger cubs.
Tattoo of the tiger means power and strength (first meaning), passion and sensitivity (second meaning), beauty and pride. Japanese samurai often used the image of this predator as their emblem. They believed it brought good luck and warded off evil spirits. The peculiarity of a tattoo with a tiger is its large size; otherwise the majesty of this predator is lost.
Also in Asia, the tiger has the status of the lord of animals. He is often associated with military valor. Symbolism of the tiger in different peoples:
- In some provinces of China, it is believed that the tiger attacks only sinners. It is used to frighten away evil spirits.
- Hindu culture represents the god Shiva riding a tiger and wearing a tiger skin.
- The ancient Greeks harnessed tigers to the chariot of the god of wine.
Buddhists regard the striped beast as a symbol of anger.
The tigers' majestic size and strength allow them to be full rulers of the area they inhabit.
They mark the place of their domain in different ways: tear the bark of trees, loosen the ground, leave marks with urine. They do not allow other males to enter their territory.
Tigers of the same "family" are very friendly - they rub and sniff each other.
The king of beasts and the tiger - which one is the strongest?
Many people are interested in this question. In fact, little is known about actual fights between lions and tigers. Consequently, there is insufficient evidence to claim that one predator is stronger than the other.
- The tiger and the lion can be compared by their outward appearance or way of life.
- A tiger is heavier than a lion by 50-70 kilograms.
- Both animals clench their jaws with equal force.
- A lion and a tiger kill their prey the same way. They bite their prey's neck with their powerful fangs.
- If we compare the lifestyle of the two predators, it is very different.
So, the tiger hunts alone; he hunts in his own territory. They practically do not collide with each other, when the males go out to hunt, they do not meet.
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Lions live in prides or clans. Males have to fight for the right to hunt. It is not uncommon for them to fight for a female during the mating season. Such battles may end in serious injury or death of the male.
In terms of endurance, it is hard to say who is in the lead. Both animals are excellent runners, and endurance is influenced by age, habitat, and health.
A thick layer of fat allows the tiger to easily tolerate periods of starvation. But his appetite is truly brutal - they eat up to 30-40 kg of meat in one meal.
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The main diet of these carnivores is partially ungulates and large herbivores (roe deer, deer, elk, wild boar).
A Master Class in Drawing a Tiger with Paint for Children
A good example of drawing a tiger is drawing a picture with paints. Learning this technique is easy, it is in many ways similar to the previous descriptions. An approximate outline of the predator is depicted on a scrapbook page. Draw the head of the tiger with a semi-oval, mark the place of the nose and draw it as a triangle. Derive cheeks, chin, eyes and ears as in the previously described techniques. After that, proceed to the drawing of the back. The main background sheet is colored, mixing the blue and white paint.
To paint the animal itself, three colors yellow, red and white are mixed. The resulting orange tone is applied to the entire body of the tiger. The cheeks and chin are highlighted by adding more white. Yellow highlight the eyes, black outline, pupils, stripes. Nose leave the pink. Stripes are drawn so that the black tone is tinged with gray. Complement the image with a mustache, white color gives a shaggy coat. In photos, the background of such drawings is often supplemented with palm trees or other natural elements.
Studying simple drawing techniques will help to create bright pictures for adults and children. Master classes to depict the tiger - a good idea for schoolchildren and leisure activities.
Tigers hunt one at a time, using two of their favorite techniques - waiting for cover or sneaking up on their prey. They end with a swift dash and the fatal outcome of the prey. In one leap they cover 10 m and fly up to 5 m in height.
If the hunt is not successful (the prey turned out to be more nimble or surpassed), he won't hunt a second time. In addition, their solid weight does not prevent them from speeding up to 60 km / h.
Description of predators
The body of tigers has a well-developed musculature and is flexible. The round head features a convex forehead, beautiful eyes, and small ears capable of picking up any sound.
The Bengal tiger had the highest weight of 388.7 kg. Females are smaller than males in size and body weight.
The animal has keratinous protrusions on its tongue that help in cutting the carcass. In addition, it is also an additional hygienic tool. Adult carnivores have 30 teeth.
The limbs in the front have 5 fingers each, while the hind legs have only 4. The fingers have claws that the tiger can retract. The shape of the mammal's ears is round. The pupil of the eye is round and its iris is colored yellow.
The southern species is characterized by short and dense fur. Their brethren from the north have fluffier fur. In the palette of colors the main color is the color of rust, to it are added shades: red and brown. The chest and belly of the beast are lighter, and sometimes they are just white.
A peculiar pattern of stripes of dark brown or black color gives the big cat unusual beauty. The stripes with pointed ends are located throughout the body. They can bifurcate and then reconnect.
The number of stripes on the body is more than 100, and a long tail like wearing a ring of stripes, and the end, as a rule, a black frame.
The stripes are arranged in a unique order, they can be compared to fingerprints.
If you pay attention to the tracks, the male has a larger pawprint than the female. The size of the trail is 15 or 16 cm long and 13 or 14 cm wide. A roaring animal can be heard from 3 km away.
Its large size does not prevent it from demonstrating excellent physical characteristics; the tiger is an excellent runner. The animal can reach speeds of up to 60 km/h and run fast across any terrain. In captivity, the big cat can live for about 15 years.
Drawing a tiger cub step by step with children
Draw an even circle and an oval. Divide the circle with dashes. Draw ears and hair around the head. From the oval form the body, moving smoothly into the tail. Draw two front and one hind paw. Next, trace a fourth paw, located at an angle. We draw a muzzle and stripes. Coloring animal in orange, black and pink. Drawing tiger cub ready. Step by step instructions, see picture.
We showed different options for drawing predators. Such drawings are suitable for both children and adults. You can use any paper and materials for the drawings. To consolidate the lessons, be sure to repeat all the steps in the diagrams.
Tiger cub .
Let's draw a baby tiger cub step by step. Draw two ovals. Upper oval cross horizontal and vertical lines. At first place the eyes, and the second nose and mouth. Give the necessary shape of the head. Draw the body, paws and ears. Add stripes and whiskers. We paint the tiger cub with paint. Children ages 4-5 will be able to cope with such a beautiful drawing. See below for a detailed step-by-step instruction.
Tiger cub with a heart step by step
Image two large ovals for the head and body. Small ovals denote paws. The head is divided in half vertically. Draw eyes, a nose in the shape of a heart and a mouth. Draw two ears, front paws and eyes. Then, you need to portray hind legs, tail and stripes. Draw the fur, the heart in the teeth and the pads on the paws in the shape of hearts. Add color and a background of hearts. See the picture for step by step instructions.
Features of aqua makeup
What is aqua makeup? It is a paint, the basis of which is water. Such material is intended for decorating the face by drawing. Compounds are used hypoallergenic, because the use of the means on children's skin should not cause concern to parents.
What is the principle of working with such a material? It is very simple. Drip a little paint in the palette, then smeared with a brush or sponge. It is worth noting that it is not difficult to wash off the makeup with an ordinary soap solution.
Before using the coloring agent the skin should be dry and clean.
The range of safe paints, special pencils is huge. We will try to draw the face of a tiger.